|| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Foreigners|
António Sérgio came from a liberal aristocratic family and both his father and grandfathers had been sailors and overseas governors. He was a student at the Colégio Militar and the Escola Politécnica de Lisboa later moving to the Naval School. He became an officer in the Navy and maintained a neutral political position between the monarchy and the republic. However, he resigned from the service following the 5 October 1910 Revolution. As he had to make a living, he worked for Portuguese and Brazilian publishing houses but also studied psychology and pedagogy in Geneva with Claparède. A writer and the first to use the “essay” genre in Portugal, he was a notable figure in various fields of knowledge ranging from economics to philosophy, literature to history. He failed in his application to become an Assistant at the Faculty of Letters of the University of Lisbon in 1912 – indeed he never taught in Portuguese universities. He was Minister for Public Education (Ministro da Instrução) in 1923-24, a resistance fighter opposed to the Military Dictatorship and a conspirator against the Estado Novo. As a result he was imprisoned and also exiled on two occasions. He ran various publications for Renascença Portuguesa (Portuguese Renaissance), collaborated on Águia, Pela Grei (which he edited), Lusitania, Revista de Estudos Portugueses and later Seara Nova, which he also edited.